I, Nazma Nigar, Barrister & Solicitor (“Nazma Nigar” or“I”) am committed to protecting the personal information that I collect, useand disclose in the course of providing legal services and operating my lawfirm, in accordance with all applicable regulatory requirements, includingapplicable privacy legislation, and consistent with my professionalobligations. As practicing lawyers I have professional and ethical obligationsto maintain information I have received within my client relationships inconfidence. This Privacy Policy supplements my professional obligations ofclient confidentiality and sets out in general terms how I collect, use,disclose and protect the personal information of my clients, other individualsand my web site users (“you”).


Privacy legislation in Canada defines “personal information”broadly as any information about an identifiable individual. In general,personal information does not include business contact information, includingyour name, title or position, business, telephone or facsimile number. I amresponsible under applicable privacy legislation for the personal informationin my possession or control. This includes personal information I receivedirectly, such as from individual clients or other individuals, and personalinformation I receive indirectly from clients or others. I have establishedpolicies and procedures with the objective of protecting personal information.


The types of personal information I may collect about youinclude your name and home contact information, billing and accountinformation, information relevant to a client’s legal matters and otherinformation incidental to the provision of legal advice and services by my firm.Examples of the types of personal information I may collect include personalinformation about directors, officers and employees of a client or other party,witnesses, beneficiaries, family members, adverse parties orparties-in-interest, and information about shareholders, security-holders,investors, potential investors or buyers, business partners, targets,competitors or customers of clients, individuals, clients, pension planmembers, or other parties who are individuals.


I collect, use and disclose personal information for theprimary purpose of providing my clients with professional legal services andrepresentation, including for the following purposes:

  • to establish and manage client relationships, provide legal advice, perform legal services, fulfill legal duties, and avoid legal conflicts of interest;
  • to share personal information with third parties for the purpose of providing legal services in the context of legal proceedings, including conducting litigation, arbitrations, mediations or other proceedings. Such third parties may include opposing parties, parties in interest, opposing, foreign and other counsel and advisors, witnesses, courts, adjudicators, arbitrators, other decision-makers and experts;
  • to represent clients in the context of business transactions involving the exchange or disclosure of personal information, including by purchase, sale, lease, merger, amalgamation, arrangement or any other type of acquisition, disposition, public offering, securitization, investment, financing or other transaction;
  • to establish and maintain commercial relationships with clients, suppliers and other third parties, including to issue invoices, administer accounts, collect and process payments, evaluate credit standing, and to fulfill contractual obligations;
  • to contact and communicate with clients and other individuals for the purpose of conducting market research, and evaluating client service and satisfaction;
  • to distribute our publications and invitations to events to individuals who subscribe to our mailing lists;
  • to maintain, develop and manage our document management, knowledge-management and precedent systems and databases;
  • to consider the admission of individuals as employees and members of the firm;
  • to develop and manage our business and operations;
  • to detect and protect against error, negligence, breach of contract, fraud, theft and other illegal activity, and where necessary to meet our insurance requirements; and as permitted by, and to comply with, applicable legal or regulatory requirements or provisions.


Cookies – Cookies are small data files that aresent to your browser and stored on your computer’s hard-drive when you visitcertain web sites in order to “track” your visit to the site. Nazma Nigar may,from time to time, collect non-personal information about you and your use ofthe site though the use of cookies. I do not match or correlate thisinformation with any personal information that you submit on the web site. Somebrowsers can be set to reject all cookies; if you choose to modify your browserin this manner; all features of the web-site will remain available to you. Iuse cookies for language preference purposes and to analyze web-site usage. Thisinformation is used for no other purpose.

On-line Communications – In order to provide ourweb site users with publications, information or requested services, visitorsmay voluntarily submit personal information to us for such purposes assubscribing to or downloading publications, participating in a seminar or otherevent, participating in surveys or asking a question. I use the personalinformation you provide only for the purpose for which you have provided it. Ifa subscriber or visitor has subscribed or attended a seminar or other event inthe past, I may combine the information with information submitted on the website.

On-line Communications – In order to provide ourweb site users with publications, information or requested services, visitorsmay voluntarily submit personal information to us for such purposes assubscribing to or downloading publications, participating in a seminar or otherevent, participating in surveys or asking a question. I use the personalinformation you provide only for the purpose for which you have provided it. Ifa subscriber or visitor has subscribed or attended a seminar or other event inthe past, I may combine the information with information submitted on the website.

E-Mail Communications – I may send e-mail communicationsto subscribers or other individuals in my contact database to advise of legaldevelopments, distribute publications or to advise of events or seminars. Eache-mail includes an opt-out feature and instructions on how to unsubscribe ifyou do not wish to receive future e-mails from Nazma Nigar for these purposes.

Links – My web site may present links to otherweb sites. You should be aware that operators of linked web sites may alsocollect your personal information and information generated through the use ofcookies when you link to their web sites. Nazma Nigar is not responsible forhow such third parties collect, use or disclose your personal information, soit is important to review their privacy policies before providing them withyour personal information.

  • if a client provides personal information about third parties to us for purposes of my legal representation or advice to the client; where a court order or subpoena is issued, or under applicable rules of production, a regulatory or other body with jurisdiction to compel production so requires; when the information is publicly available within the meaning of applicable privacy legislation, such as in professional or other directories, in public registries, publicly-filed court records or information appearing in published form;
  • if I am investigating the breach of an agreement, a legal duty or contravention of a law and obtaining consent would compromise the investigation or the accuracy of the information;
  • if I am required to disclose personal information to a lawful authority;
  • as otherwise authorized by law. As practicing lawyers, I am subject to professional and ethical obligations and i do not disclose personal information subject to solicitor-client privilege unless the privilege is lawfully waived or I am required by law to do so. I obtain the electronic or oral consent of individuals who subscribe to my publications program or who indicate an interest to members of the firm in receiving such materials. I provide an opt-out opportunity to individuals from my publications, seminar and other events on an ongoing basis
  • Limited Collection, Use and Disclosure and Retention – I collect personal information by fair and lawful means and, wherever appropriate, directly from the individual. Wherever possible, i limit the amount of personal information I collect, use or disclose to that necessary and appropriate to provide my legal services, advice and representation and to operate our firm business. I limit the personal information I collect and use for client relationship and development purposes and for my publication and seminar programs to contact information and information about preferences provided by the individual. I keep records of the work performed and services provided by me in accordance with applicable regulatory requirements and professional standards. These records may include personal information. My records are stored with safeguards against inappropriate or unauthorized access (see Safeguards). I retain contact information about individuals for the period of time the individual subscribes to our programs, does not opt-out or continues to respond to seminar and other invitations.


In order to provide clients or subscribers with aprofessional level of service and to maintain appropriate contact preferences,I may ask you to update your personal information, contact information orpreferences from time to time, and I provide an ongoing opt-out opportunity bylink or hard copy with all publications, invitations and notices. Clients areencouraged to contact their lawyer to update the personal information wemaintain in our client files. Safeguards I protect personal information in myfiles and document management systems from loss, misuse, unauthorized accessand alteration by using physically secure facilities, password protection,standard security practices and tools and well-defined internal policies andpractices.


Individual clients may review any personal informationconcerning themselves I have on file in our offices by contacting their lawyer.Individuals who are not clients may request access to personal information I holdabout them by written request to: Nazma Nigar, Barristers & Solicitors 133Fredrick Street, Suite: 101, Kitchener, Ontario, N2H 2M1, Tel: +1-519-579-0000. Iwill provide access to such personal information, subject to exceptionsstipulated or required by applicable privacy legislation. Examples of suchexceptions include information protected by solicitor-client privilege;information generated in the course of a formal dispute resolution process;information about another individual where disclosure would reveal confidentialcommercial information; or information disclosed to the police or other lawfulauthorities where I am required to withhold disclosure.


I will respond to complaints from individuals or questionsabout my compliance with this policy and with applicable privacy laws. I willinvestigate and attempt to resolve all complaints. To challenge our compliancewith this policy please contact my Privacy Officer at the co-ordinates listedabove. If you have any questions or concerns about your privacy and my role inprotecting it, please contact us. I reserve the right to change my PrivacyPolicy at any time by posting a new Privacy Policy on my web site.